Treta Yuga is the second out of the four yugas in the religion of Hinduism. It follows the Satya Yuga and is followed by the Dvapara Yuga and Kali Yuga. In Sanskrit, Treta means a collection of three things, and it is known so because, during the Treta Yuga, there were three incarnations of Lord Vishnu that were seen, Vaman the fifth incarnation, Parashuram, the sixth incarnation and Ram, the seventh incarnation. Dharma Bull symbolizes morality which stood on three legs during Treta Yuga. It stood on four legs in the Satya Yuga and two in the Dvapara Yuga. Currently, in the age of Kali, it stands on one leg. The Treta Yuga lasted for 3*432000 years. During the Treta Age, the power of humans slightly diminished. People grew more materialistic and less inclined towards spirituality. Agriculture and mining came into existence along with norms and rules to keep the society under control.
Glimpses of Treta Yug
Treta Yuga is known as the age of humankind. The meaning of the age has its roots in the Sanskrit language which means the collection of three.
This Yuga has encountered the reincarnation of Lord Vishnu in three different forms namely, Vaman (5th), Parashuram (6th), and Lord Ram (7th).
.The Almighty was worshipped by the names such as Yajna, Sarvadeva, Vishnu, and Jayanta.
It is said that Dvapar Yuga was supposed to come before the Treta Yuga, but Gautam Rishi changed the order of these Yugas to release his wife from the curse he had given to her at the earliest. According to a legend, learning about the absence of Sage Gautam, Lord Indra undertook the seduction of Ahalya in disguise of her husband sage Gautam. On his return, he saw Lord Indra leaving his Aashram. This made him suspect his wife’s relations with Lord Indra. In the fit of anger, he cursed Ahalya and converted her into a statue. Later, he came to know about the cleverness of Lord Indra. To lessen the effect of his curse, he told Ahalya that Lord Ram, an incarnation of Vishnu would free her from the wretchedness of the curse. This is why it is believed that there is a possibility of Sage Gautam changing the orders of these Yugas.
In Treta-yuga each leg of religion was gradually reduced by one-quarter due to the lying, violence, dissatisfaction, and quarrel.
In Treta age people were devoted to ritual performances and severe austerities. They were less violent or less lusty. Their interests were primarily in religiosity, economic development, and regulated sense gratification.
They achieved prosperity by following the principles of the three Vedas.
In Treta-yuga the Lord appeared with a red complexion. He had four arms, and golden hair. He wore a triple belt representing initiation into each of the three Vedas. Embodying the knowledge of worship by sacrificial performance, which is contained in the Ṛig Veda, Sama Veda, and Yajur Vedas. His symbols were the ladle, spoon and other implements of sacrifice.
In Treta-Yuga, the members of human society who are fixed in religiosity and are sincerely interested in achieving the Absolute Truth worshiped Lord Hari by the rituals of sacrifice taught in the three Vedas.
In Treta-Yuga the Lord is glorified by the names Vishnu, Yajna, Prsnigarbha, Sarvadeva, Urukrama, Vrsakapi, Jayanta, and Urugaya.