Margashirsha is the Ninth-month in the Hindu calendar, which is believed to be highly auspicious for the Hindus. As per the scriptures “Maasonam Margashirshoham,” meaning that there is no other month as auspicious as Margashirsha. The month is considered as one of the most sacred months. Worshiping Lord Krishna has a great importance in Margashirsha month. Visiting religious places and performing Tarpan is considered auspicious. It is believed that performing Pitra puja in Margashirsha month gives peace and salvation to the soul of ancestors. Those who are not able to perform shraddha can offer Tarpan on the Amavasya of Margashirsha month for the salvation of dead ancestors.
Significance of Margashirsha Month:
As per the ancient scriptures, it is important to please dead ancestors. Those suffering from Pitra dosha, devoid of a child, or when Rahu is debilitated in the ninth house, must observe fast on Margashirsha Amavasya which gives desirable results. According to Vishnu Purana, by observing Margashirsha Amavasya fast, all the deities including Lord Brahma, Lord Indra, Lord Shiva, Ashwini Kumar, Surya, Agni, birds, animals, and evils can be pleased along with dead ancestors.
In Bhagwad Gita, Lord Krishna says that he is the Margashirsha month. In Satyug, Devas considered the first day of Margashirsha month as a beginning of the year. During this month, devotees should bath in rivers and chant Namo Narayanaya Mantra or Gayatri mantra while taking a holy dip. Devotees must perform Bhajans and Kirtans throughout Margashirsha.
Margashirsha Purnima is considered very auspicious. Lord Satyanarayana is worshipped on Margashirsha Purnima to relieve all problems and sins. Donations and charities are also performed. Devotees recite Satyanarayan Katha which gives pleasurable results.
Margashirsha month is related to the onset of Mrigasira star. As per the astrologers, Margashirsha Purnima begins from Mrigashira nakshatra. Hence, the month is known as Margashirsha month or Magsar or Agahan and Agrahayan. Lord Krishna has narrated the importance of this month to Gopis. Taking a bath in Yamuna river during Margashirsha month is highly auspicious.
It is believed that having a holy dip in the Ganges during the Margashirsha month can bestow the benefits of Grahan Snan This month is ideal to engage in the worship of Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi Puja. Devotees chant Vishnu Sahasranama and visit the temple of Lord Vishnu. The Shukla Paksha Ekadasi of Margashirsha month is celebrated as Geeta Jayanti, Moksha Ekadasi or Vaikunta Ekadasi. It is believed that, on Margashirsha Purnima, Lord Dattatreya had incarnated on the earth as a son of Sage Atri and Anusuya. He is Trimurty Avtar of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu, and Lord Shiva. Dattatreya Jayanti is celebrated with religious fervour. Mitra Saptami falls on the Shukla Paksha Saptami in Margashirsha month. It is dedicated to worshipping the Sun God. Lord Surya is addressed with different names during the year, and he is praised as Mitra in Margashirsh month. Worshipping Sun God on this day is considered auspicious.