Hartalika Teej is celebrated on the Third day of the Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month of Bhadrapad. Hartalika Teej is observed by married women in honour of Goddess Parvati. It involves strict fast for three continuous days. Hartalika Teej is observed in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, and Bihar. In the state of Rajasthan, a huge procession is carried out with an idol of Goddess Parvati, accompanied by music. In the states of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka, the Hartalika Teej Vrat is celebrated as Gauri Habba. Married women pray to obtain the blessing of happy married life from Goddess Gauri.
Significance and Legend:
‘Harat’ meaning abduction and ‘Aalika’ implies to a female friend. According to a Hindu legend, on this day, Goddess Parvati was abducted by her friends as she didn't want to get married to Lord Vishnu. Later, she was married to Lord Shiva. Hartalika Teej Puja ritual is performed to worship Goddess Gauri or Goddess Parvati. Married women keep this Pooja for the well-being of their husbands, and unmarried girls keep the Puja to get blessed with a good husband. Hartalika Teej Puja is very important Vrat for married women as it is conducted for the well-being of their life-partners. Hartalika Teej Puja is the significance how Goddess Parvati showed her love to God Shiva. After the death of Sati, Lord Shiva started disregarding everyone, and he didn’t even acknowledge the love of Parvati for him. On seeing the ignorance of Lord Shiva, Parvati kept fasts for him to seek the attention of Lord Shiva. Goddess Parvati took 108 births to receive the love and affection of Lord Shiva. The dedication of Goddess Parvati made Lord Shiva to accept her as his wife. Hence, women’s celebrate Hartalika Teej in a very sacred manner to get the love of their husband’s.
Rituals and Celebrations:
On the day of Hartalika Teej women wake up early in the morning, take holy bath and wear new clothes as well as jewellery and visit the temples. Women observe a Nirjala fast. Women take a holy dip again before sunset and dressed in the outfit of a bride. The sand and clay idols of Parvati and Shiva are worshipped. Goddess Parvati, Lord Shiva, and Gaur are worshipped with Bilva Patra, flowers, rice coated in Turmeric Powder. They lit the lamps and offer Vermillion, sweets, fruits to Goddess Parvati and Gaur. In the end, devotees recite the Vrat Katha to get blessings of Goddess Parvati. Next Day devotees wake up early, take a bath and wear new clothes to conduct Puja and recite mantras. After completion of Puja, devotees break the fast by eating Red Chickpea which was soaked in water overnight. Hartalika Teej Vrat is terminated the next day morning when a devotee completes all the worshiping rituals. Mantras like Shanti Mantra and Shama Mantra are recited on the day that succeeds Hartalika Teej.