Parasuram Dwadashi Vrata, or Jamdagnya Parshuram Vrata, is dedicated Lord Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Parashuram Dwadashi Vrata is observed on the twelfth day of the Shukla Paksha in Vaisakh month. Devotees observe a strict fast on this day. Parshuram Vrata is observed on the next day of the Mohini Ekadashi. Sometimes both the vrats may fall on the same day.
Significance of Parashurama Dwadashi:
The sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu is known as Lord Parasuram. He is the son of Renuka. He lived during the Treta Yug and Dvapara Yug. He is a Chiranjivi or immortals. He performed a strict penance to please Lord Shiva and received his axe. As a mark of reward, he was taught Kalaripayattu, one of the martial form, by Lord. The two giant epics Maharabrata and Ramayana defined his important roles as the mentor for Bhishma, Drona, and Karna. Parshuram was a great warrior. The Bhargavastra used to be his personal belonging. He earned Bhargavastra from Lord Shiva. He also learned the tricks of warfare from Lord Shiva.
The devotees celebrate this day to attain happiness, peace, prosperity, and salvation. The day is also known as the Jamdagnya Parashuram Vrat.
Celebrations and Rituals:
The rising Sun indicates the start of the Parasuram Dwadasi. Parasuram Dwadasi Vrat begins at sunrise and ends on the next day after sunrise. The fasting begins after taking a bath. An idol of Lord Parshuram is offered flowers, ornaments, prasad and other puja material related to Lord Vishnu. In some parts of the country, the idol of Parshuram is placed inside a pot of water. Those who observe the fast remain awake during the night. It is believed that observing Parashuram Dwadashi Vrata will fulfil wishes and one will attain salvation. Chanting Vishnu Sahastranam stotra is considered auspicious. An ardent devotee of Parashuramwill continues to perform his or her fast until the next morning, remaining awake the entire night.