Jaya Parvati Vrat, also known as Gauri Vrat is observed in Ashada Month by unmarried girls and married women. The religious observance starts on the thirteenth day of the Shukla Paksha of the month of Ashadha and is observed for the five consecutive days. Unmarried girls worship Goddess Parvati on Jaya Parvati Vrata day to get a good husband. Married women stay awake on the night on the last day of the Vrat. Staying awake is referred to as Jaya Parvati Jagran. The Vrata is known as Jaya Parvati Vrata because Parvati observed fast to win Shiva as her husband.
Significance of Jaya Parvati Vrat:
The ritual of Jaya Parvati Vrata is performed for the well-being of the family, for a happy, peaceful and prosperous married life. Jaya Parvati Vrat is observed for five years by married women. On the fifth year of Vrat, the occasion is celebrated by inviting other women to their homes. It is said that Jaya Parvati Vrata brings happiness and prosperity. The Goddess blesses the girl with a good husband and a happy married life.
As per the legend, a Brahmin couple was an ardent devotee of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. They were well-satisfied with their life. They would worship Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lord Shiva was happy with the great devotion of the couple. Once, Lord Shiva appeared in their dream and asked them to recover a Shiv-linga which was buried in a forest. Lord Shiva asked them to worship that shiv linga to fulfil their wishes.
The Brahmin went to the forest and found out the place where Shiva Linga was buried. He worshipped Shiv linga with flowers and Bilva leaves. On the way back home, a snake bit the Brahmin. At home, his wife was worried as her husband did not return. She prayed with devotion for her husband's safety. Pleased with her true loyalty, Lord Shiva brought her husband back to awareness. The couple constant to pray at the Shiva Linga and was blessed with a son.
Rituals and Celebrations:
On the first day of Jaya Parvati Vrat, wheat seeds are planted in a small pot and kept in the house which is known as Jwaara. Prayers are offered to the Jwara pot. A naagla is decorated with vermillion. The ceremony is carried out every morning and the Jwaara are watered every day. Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati are worshipped with flowers, Nagla, Abil and gulal, incense sticks, Diya, KumKum, Water, and Prasad. Women must not eat salt, wheat or wheat products, and vegetables. Women can eat Fruits, Curd, Juice, Milk and Sweet Item. On the last day of Jaya Parvati, the women who have observed the fast have to stay awake whole night. During night vigil, Women Should Pray Mata Parvati and Lord Shiva. Next Day after Bathing girls and women immerse the pot of Jwara in the water. They also visit the temple to pray to Shiva- Parvati and break the fast by eating a full meal.